hEADER

The magazine Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Al. I. Cuza” from Iaşi

Archive 2018

Ion VICOVAN

Pimen Georgescu „the Metropolitan of the War” and of the „Unification of Romania”

 

Georgeta M. DOMINTE, Stelian ONICA, Bogdan COJOCEA, Marina VRACIU

Recollection And Reconsideration (I)

 

Vasile Doru FER

“Redemption – ἀπολύτρωσις” as a saving act highlighted in the New Testament

 

Ioan C. TEŞU

Sufferings and Illness – Passport to the Sweetest Heaven

 

Liviu PETCU

Suffering – a mysterious divine pedagogy: its positive role in our lives

 

Adrian Lucian DINU, Claudia Elena DINU

Family, school and Church in nowadays

 

Daniel NIŢĂ-DANIELESCU

Some Thoughts on the Dyptich of Two Churches from Iasi from the 17th century: St. John Chrysostomos (Zlataust) and the White Church (The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple or Stratenia)

 

Carmen Livia TUDOR

Famous Scholars in the Middle of the Eighteenth Century During the Time of the Metropolitan of Moldavia, St. Iacob Putneanul

 

Emilian-Iustinian ROMAN

The Engagement into the Public Sphere of the Romanian Orthodox Church: Religious Assistance in the Army, Hospitals and Prisons. A Legal and Theological Approach

 

Porphyrios GEORGI

Saint Gregory Palamas and the Heritage of the Cappadocian Fathers

 

Roger CORESCIUC

The Orthodox Icon, Source of the Catechesis

 

Mihai COMAN

Byzantine painting. Distinction between pictorial system and style

 

Carmen-Gabriela LĂZĂREANU

Parents’ Legal Obligations towards Their Children before Leaving to Work Abroad

 

REWIEWS

The second study of 2018

Rev. Prof. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: Pimen Georgescu, the Metropolitan of Moldavia (1909-1934) had a very important contribution both to the "Great War" (1916-1918), as also to the fulfilling of the important act of "Unification of Romania" (1918). He had put at disposal of central authorities, who had been moved from Bucharest to Iasi, his residence, the surrounding buildings and the hermitages of many monasteries from through all the Metropolitan of Moldavia. He also took care of the soldieries left to the first line by sending them military priests, confessors, monks and nuns to serve as sanitarians. He initiated gatherings of food, clothes and many other necessary things, but he took care of the families members who were left back home. The documents found in the Archives of the Diocesan Centre show that when the metropolitan asked, the monasteries and the parishes assumed this service. Speaking about Romania's unification, we have to mention that the metropolitan Pimen Georgescu had a speech in front of the Nation's Senate, and also he informed himself about the actions of the brothers from across Prut River. He was involved in the receiving of those two Romanian delegations from Basarabia and Bucovina. He also wrote letters to some great personalities from Bucovina and Transilvania and encouraged them in their fight for unity and for its protection through the establishing of social care institutions.

 

Keywords: Pimen Georgescu, "the Metropolitan of Great War", contribution, clergy, monasteries, unity

 

Read more: Here

Georgeta M. DOMINTE

Assoc. Prof. PhD.
Stelian ONICA

Lect. PhD.

Bogdan COJOCEA

Assist. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

Marina VRACIU

Assoc. Prof. PhD.

Department of Slavic Studies, Faculty of Letters,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: Each period of time has its own achievements. The feeling of heritage develops over a person’s whole life by positive examples, a proper relating to history and accummulation of knowledge. In the Centennial year of Romania’s unification, recollection seems the more helpful for a deeper understanding of the need for continuity and for conveying what has been conserved in time; by so do in present achievements are informed with the vivid available past ones. In a world of an increasing influence of images, the individual stays under their tacit support for one’s wish for the new. The Word remains the basic vector of communication. Written passages act as empowering repositories of cultural heritage recollection and reconsideration; either subtle or more energetic, they express an urge to maintain heritage values such as the Christian faith, Christian-Orthodox tradition, love for one’s homeland and people. The authors have selected some examples of memorable passages which include or imply, by their wide reference, an understanding of local artistic expression of sacred artistic. Second, the idea of creating a small collection of artworks and images as part of our educational 25-year work with the cultural-heritage students from the secion of Sacred Art of the Faculty of Christian-Orthodox Theology in Iasi, meets the requirement for significant aspects to be be conserved. The students’ artworks may contribute to present and future directions in heritage and material preservation; in time, as they become history too, they will remind of some determinatio, direction and expand their creative artistic meaning and the work of cultural conservation-restauration. Generalization and relationship work together to create, in varying degrees of subtlety, the path of heritage protection; works in one’s homeland represent a special prioritys and require cooperation.

 

Keywords: Romanian Unification; models; Cultural Heritage, Sacred Art, collection

 

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Rev. Lecturer PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology ,,Ep. Dr. Vasile Coman”,

University of Oradea, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: When we approach an issue that has as main subject the concept of Redemption or the restoration of human nature, we must start from the premise that the Orthodox Church, as a faithful interpret of the Holy Scripture, along the lines of the primary Christian and patristic tradition, highlights and analyzes this concept in its depth. The Holy Scripture emphasizes the concept of Redemption or restoration of human nature, stating that God gave His Son to death for the salvation of the world, because “For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life”(John 3:16). It is not an abstract justice nor the need to excuse for an offense to the divine majesty, but only the divine love is the driving force of the willing sacrifice brought by the Son of God on the Cross for the salvation of the world. The Incantation of the Savior, as a beginning of Redemption, defines and determines the whole work of the redemption of the human being, as well as what follows. Incarnation is not only the beginning of the saving act of our Redemption, but the entire history of the salvation of human race and even the whole economy of the Son of God, are based on its redeeming content.

 

Keywords: Redemption, Incarnation, salvation concept, Pauline Theology

 

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Rev. Prof. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: St. Paisios of the Holy Mountain, who venerated among saints starting January 2015, is one of the most beloved contemporary Orthodox saints. What made him so loved and cherished were his improved life, his practical and experimental teachings, as well as the many wonderful works he did during his life, among which the most frequent and the highest one was the resurrection of souls from the death of sin. His spiritual words drew attention by their richness and depth, the Athonite Saint giving extremely current advice to the problems and troubles of this world and of the contemporary man, in the Church spirit and conscience. But the same exhortations impressed by their sensitivity, being able to offer answers to the soul, that bring inner peace and give spiritual high meaning. He often used to say he tried to put “sunshine” on the souls troubled by worries and darkened by sins and passions, bringing light and hope and trust in the love, kindness and mercy of the Heavenly Father Who does not enjoy man’s suffering but wishes his salvation, since He created man out of infinite love, and not for sin, chastisement or suffering, but for eternal life and happiness [“I make sunshine” he said and he meant that as the sun is absolutely necessary to open flowers, so a slight pastoral touch helps to open and heal the soul] (cf. Cuviosul Paisie Aghioritul, trans. Nuţescu 2003a: 13). He had to take the cross of suffering in his body because of the colon cancer he asked for, received and bore it spiritually like a real blessing. This was his way to take upon him a part of world sufferings and he made the disease an exceptional way of approaching and uniting with God, by going along with Christ the Saviour through the Golgotha of suffering to His Resurrection. Because his words have the advantage of being uttered by a contemporary saint who suffered himself from this cruel disease and they spring from God’s gift and his own experience, they also have the ability to offer consolation and comfort to the souls “visited” by sickness and suffering. Completely opposite to the general expectations that consider the incidence of cancer or oncologic diseases will decrease, the medical sources tell us they will grow in an alarming and frightening way in the coming years. Therefore, on the following pages, I will try to present some of the rich spiritual meanings that St. Paisios gave to illness in general as well as the ways or means of confronting suffering, as described by the Athonite Father.

 

Keywords: Spirituality, Spiritual Fathers, St. Paisios, illness, virtues, salvation

 

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PhD. Reverend Associate Professor

Department of Research, Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: Many times this question is vividly present in our conscience or persists in our mind: what is the positive role of suffering in our lives? Logically or philosophically speaking, the fact of suffering is neutral. What is relevant indeed is its purpose – both from the perspective of our understanding of it and also of the manner in which we permit it to affect us. Under this aspect, Orthodox Spirituality provides us with the means to perceive suffering in a positive light, as an instrument for our spiritual progress in Christ and not as something that is devoid of any sense. We may entrust our suffering to God, with the unfailing hope that He knows how to valorize it and let us then supplicate Him for support in finding its meaning. We are prompted by the Fathers of the Church to offer our suffering to God, being assured that He can and will employ it to take us to a new profundity of faith and of worshipping Him in love.

 

Keywords: suffering, pedagogy, divine, role, positive, live

 

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Adrian Lucian DINU

Associate Prof. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

Claudia Elena DINU

Associate Prof. PhD.

„Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: This study is a highlight of the historical and actual role played by the school and church of our Romanian nation. Their specificity and current challenges only conjure up the need for Christlike, loving action to highlight their major importance in people's lives.

 

Keywords: education, family, religious, spiritual values, Churc

 

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Rev. Lect. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: The analysis of the texts of dyptichs from two churches in Iaşi dating from the second half of the 17th century, St. John Chrysostomos (Zlataust) and the White Church (whose feast day is the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple or Stratenia), both (re)built by the princely family, during Gheorghe Duca’s third rule in Moldavia (1678-1683), confirms and gives a more refined expression of data on the members of the princely family and of the significance of their initiative, and it contributes to the more precise picture of the features of an age of grand Romanian cultural projects.

 

Keywords: Church, dyptich, Zlataust, the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, Iaşi, Duca

 

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Assist. PhD.

Faculty of Letters,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: An important personality of the spiritual and cultural life of Moldavia in the second half of the eighteenth century was, undoubtedly, the Metropolitan Iacob Putneanul, past, following the decisions of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, among the saints of the Romanian nation. Even though Metropolitan Iacob Putneanul’s pasture lasted no more than ten years at the Moldavian Metropolitan Church (1750 – 1760), this is a remarkable period for the history of Romanian culture, when several books of worship and teaching have seen the light of the printing. In the same period of time, at his request, some important texts from Greek and Slavonic were translated, some of them remaining in the form of a manuscript. In order to carry out the necessary translation and printing work, Metropolitan Iacob Putneanul appointed round him experienced scholars, perhaps more or less known in the present day, reminding in the present study of some of the most important ones: the Greek typographer Duca Sotiriovici, hieromonk Cozma Vlahul, teacher Evloghie, hieromonk Nathanail and, last but not least, the Archimandrite of Putna, Vartolomei Mӑzӑreanu, to whom the last part of the present study is reserved.

 

Keywords: Metropolitan of Moldavia, metropolitan, cultural activity, typography, scholar, translation, printing, manuscript

 

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Rev. Lect. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: The Orthodox Church has always placed special emphasis on the spiritual and bodily health of the faithful, placing the human person at the centre of the divine public worship. In this context, our study aims at analysing the ways in which the Romanian Orthodox Church has sought to make its voice heard in the public sphere by providing religious assistance in the army, penitentiaries and hospitals. A short overview of the legislative framework of religious assistance that regulates the partnership between the state and the denominations reveals the fact that the Romanian Orthodox Church has always considered that religious assistance is a pastoral imperative in a secularized society and has been continuously preoccupied with the well-being of those facing vulnerable conditions. The very Statute of the Romanian Orthodox Church thus stipulates that parish priests, deacons and church singers have the duty to provide religious assistance to all categories of faithful in military units, prisons, medical units, social assistance and educational establishments whenever requested, in adverse circumstances. On the other hand, we also sought to highlight that faith and religious practices have been considered constructive ways of dealing with bodily and mental distress. Consequently, through the activities proposed by the clergy in the army, hospitals and penitentiaries, the Church partakes in the state of well-being through interaction and communion.

 

Keywords: Orthodox Church, Religious and Civil Legislation, Religious Assistance, Wellbeing

 

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Protopresbyter PhD.

Saint John of Damascus Institute of Theology

University of Balamand, LEBANON

 

Abstract: The relation between the teaching of Saint Gregory Palamas and his antecedent patristic tradition was an essential theological issue raised among scholars during the twentieth century. Even though numerous studies have undertaken to situate the Father of Hesychasm vis-a-vis the preceding patristic heritage, the task of analyzing the patristic components of his teaching remains a delicate and open issue. This paper explores the major guidelines in the teaching of Saint Gregory Palamas borrowed from the Cappadocian Fathers. It depicts the dynamics of his reception of their theological tradition and the extent to which they inspired him: whether he imitated and quoted them passively, or whether he was creative and renovative in rearticulating their theology ten centuries later.

 

Keywords: Hesychasm, Apophatism, Energy, Pneumatology, Deification

 

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Rev. Lect. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: The icon is a support that directs towards Image. The iconic Christian life is a very important aspect for the configuration of the contemporary catechetical language and discourse. Without denying the importance of the informal catechesis, we must draw the attention upon the risk of lingering on the informal aspect. The reality that reveals before the one who contemplates and who opens oneself to the iconicity of contemplation surpasses the stage of a simple word. Hesychia is the instrument that can be used successfully by all those who want to enter the universe of contemplation. The contemplated reality, icon and substance of the same reality, can be discovered in a gesture of reciprocal revelation in the mystery of silence and of the super-rational word.

 

Keywords: Gregory Palamas, Sophorny, hesychasm, Triads, knowledge, icon

 

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Lect. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

University of Bucureşti, ROMANIA

 

Abstract: Byzantine painting is more than just a style in the history of painting, it is a way of portraying a different, spiritual reality. Based on the art of late antiquity, Byzantine painting evolved as an artistic language expressing the relation between God and man. Regardless of the historic period or geographic region to which a certain Byzantine monument belongs, it is constructed under the rules and principles of the same pictorial system, while a sum of characteristics of pictorial elements are changing according to each artist, painting school or region.

 

Keywords: icon, Byzantine style, Byzantine pictorial system, pictorial language

 

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Associate Prof. PhD.

Faculty of Orthodox Theology,

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

Abstract: This article tries to underline the importance of parents’ awareness regarding their role within child protection during the time when they are physically absent from their children’s lives. This new type of “cross-border” families, as Segalen called them, determines problems that can be avoided or diminished if legal indications are obeyed. Checking the legal guardians and the parents in charge of a child is the improvement of the law adopted in view of a better monitoring of the child while the parents are working abroad, a period which should be no longer than a year.

Keywords: extended family, legal guardian, checking legal parents, care, entrusting

Read more: Here

Reviews