hEADER

The magazine Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Al. I. Cuza” from Iaşi

Archive 2014

ILIE MELNICIUC-PUICĂ

Expecting the Just Reward (Rev 6:9-17; 7:13-17; 12:11-12)

 

CONSTANTIN-IULIAN DAMIAN

Conversion in the Context of New Religious Movements: A Review of Ten Sociological Theories

 

CARMEN-MARIA BOLOCAN

The Literary Contest on Religious Themes: An Opportunity for Knowledge and Communication

 

IONUŢ-GABRIEL NASTASĂ

Cherubic Hymn (Op. 5) in D Major by Gavriil Musicescu: Musical Analysis

 

MERIŞOR-GEORGETA DOMINTE

About Forms and Symbolic Configurations (IV) (Corollary)

 

PETRU SOFRAGIU

Ecumenical Synods in the Narthex of Sǒpocani Monastery’s Church in Medieval Serbia

 

VASILE TUDOR

Ecclesial Painting in Fresco Technique and the Personality of the Romanian Painter Grigore Popescu-Muscel

 

First study of 2014

Rev.Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
“Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The message of the Book of Revelation addressed to the persecuted Christians in the Roman Empire retains its contemporary significance for those who believe that God’s justice, intertwined with His love, will triumph. The text of Revelation is not read in the divine worship, although it has been interpreted from a historical perspective as a message of warning and hope. The faithful confession, the suffering for faith and justice, the hope for a better world have been landmarks extracted from the Book of Revelation, which has stimulated the human society on its path to eternity. The moral ideal together with the liturgical dimension, which was re-signified in an original manner, were part of the concerns of the martyrs persecuted by the communist regime. From the “belly of the beast”, i.e. the prison of unifying consciousnesses, the elite, dismissed as rebellious, turned the inhuman conditions of detention in stands of free spirit. The shabby clothing became enlightened covering; the Christian message became free of denominational interpretations and justice changed from retributive demand into forgiving statement. “How long, Lord” remains the question that will be answered by the divine Judge through other people, through the creation rebelling against the evil.

 

Keywords: Martyr, the Book of Revelation, reward, justice

 

Read more: Here

Assist.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Religious conversion equally preoccupied theologians, sociologists, psychologists, and anthropologists, but conversion in the context on new religious phenomenon represented a controversial subject which concerned not only the scientists, but also the public who required an explanation for the relatively high number of youths who converted to controversial new religious movements. In this context Sociology tried to explain religious conversion as a process basically influenced by the social/group forces and individual expectances and searches, developing a theory of active and processual conversion. Sociologists as John Lofland, Rodney Stark, Arthur Greil, Max Heirich, David Balch, David Taylor, Roger Straus, Norman Skonovd, David Snow, Richard Machalek, Theodore Long, Jeffrey Hadden, Stephen Wilson, David Gartrell, and Zane Shanon, to mention only the ones who’s theories we analysed in this article, substantially contributed at developing a new paradigm of understanding religious conversion, useful for all the fields of religious research.

 

Keywords: religious conversion, new religious movements, sociology of religions

 

Read more: Here

Associate Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Religion is an integral and defining part of the European culture. This is why in most of the European countries, religion is taught in the public education system, with a recognised and appreciated role in society, with profound implications in the socialcultural development. Education means to grow from a physical, mental, moralreligious, social point of view – and who can guide children better on this path besides the men of the Church and school? The contests for different disciplines and the school olympiads can offer to the pupils the possibility to spend their time in a useful manner, to establish friendships with other colleagues, but also to develop relationships of competition which determine them to use their qualities and to aim to be part of the best.

 

Keywords: education, pedagogy, contest, religion.

 

Read more: Here

Rev.Assist.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:

This study describes one of the key compositions of Gavriil Musicescu (1847-1903), namely the Cherubic Hymn in D major, op. 5, for mixed chorus, a song in the second part of the Divine Liturgy, called “the Liturgy of the Faithful”. This paper highlights the analytical music elements starting at scoring milestones in the life and works of music composer, teacher and conductor Gavriil Musicescu, and goes on to describe the main elements of musical language found in the music track announced. Cherubic Hymn in D major is designed based on the structure of a choral concert, consisting of three parts, but atypical tempos: first two parts with slow movements and fast moving third part, in keeping with the message of the religious text. Gavriil Musicescu uses the classical style of harmonization: tonal functional, fixed and mobile accurate nuances, thoroughly learned from the study of Russian religious choral music.

 

Keywords: choral music, composer, Gavriil Musicescu, Cherubic hymn, musical analysis.

 

Read more: Here

Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
About Forms and Symbolic Configurations has been developed with initial and derivative assertions, having both informative and formative purposes. They propose, especially for the support of the apprenticeship stages, an overall and a detailed view, visually polarized between the macrocosmic and the microscopic, over some primary and derivative forms, organic and angular, natural and artistically created by the human being. Intending to make some inductions, which give the possibility for manifesting a creative continuum, for the emitter as well as for the receptors, I have thus conceived a wide corollary of some various visual ideas and expressions, for some symbolic configurations, which can be continued and developed on their specific coordinates, in a theoretical and applicative sense.

 

Keywords: informative and formative intentions, science and art, primary and derivative forms, symbolic configurations, creative continuum.

 

Read more: Here

Assist.PhD.Cand.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The theme of Ecumenical Synods is one of the most significant within the Byzantine iconography of narthexes and appeared for the first time in the Serbian medieval space at the Spocani Monastery’s church. Subsequently this theme became almost mandatory in narthex iconography of most medieval churches in Serbia.

An original feature of the narthex at Sǒpocani is illustrated by the presence, alongside the seven ecumenical synods, of an eighth local synod, i.e. the one convened by Stefan Nemanja, founder of the Nemanjić dynasty and of numerous churches inSerbia, the ruler who unified Serbians into one of the strongest medieval states.

With the passing of time, due to the assembly of Serbian local synods and their importance for the Serbian state and church, the replacement of the seven Ecumenical Synods with these local assemblies was imposed for the narthex decoration. These “alterations” in the paintings at Sopoćani were made to the Ecumenical Synods depicted in the narthex and the votive panel from the nave.

The innovation brought about by these synods resides not only in the theme but also in the manner of representation. The artist at Spocani is distinguished by his painting technique, clearly superior to other medieval paintings from Serbia through its refined talent and noble artistic ambitions. The characters’ faces seem to glow with kindness and calm. The beautiful faces, radiating with uplifting energy, seem to obey an inner peace and harmony.

 

Keywords: Ecumenical Synods, narthex, iconography, medieval Serbia

 

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Assist.PhD.Cand.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The present article attempts to identify, from the different interviews in newspapers and on television given by Master Grigore Popescu, the portrait of his personality. If we watch the work manner of Master Grigore Popescu, we can understand the importance given by the painter to the sacred act he is called to answer with artistic skill and with a special soul state. That which for some artists is only a means of earning a living, a routine work, for Master Popescu is the joy to paint, as for him each element of the church must be connected to another. It is ideal that, at the beginning of such a sacred act as is the foundation of a cult place, the priest, the architect, the painter and the sculptor make together a harmonious unitary plan, in all these sections, as a whole according to the Christological teachings. This paper refers also to Master Popescu’s gift as a colourist. During the course of his career, this extraordinary passionate church painter has made over 26 works in fresco and in secco and almost as many restoration works of the pictorial ensembles part of the Romanian national heritage.

 

Keywords: Grigore Popescu-Muscel, ecclesial painting, fresco, colour

 

Read more: Here

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