hEADER

Le magazine Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Al. I. Cuza” de Iaşi

Archiver 2014

ANDREW LOUTH

Translating the Holy Fathers

 

ION VICOVAN

The Social, Cultural and Missionary Philanthropy of the Holy Martyrs

Constantin Brâncoveanu and Antim Ivireanul

 

DANIEL NITA-DANIELESCU

Dimitrie Cantemir, the Author of a Book-Manifesto in Romanian Culture:
The Chronicle of the Romanian-Moldavian-Wallachian Ancient Past

 

VASILE CRISTESCU

The Indissoluble Union between the Presence and the Work of Christ and
of the Holy Spirit in the Oi*konomiva of Salvation

 

ROGER CORESCIUC

The Hesychastic Tradition and Its Foundation in St. Gregory Palamas’
Theology

 

SPERANŢA-GIULIA HEREA; GHEORGHE PETRARU

Insights into Specific Characteristics of Suffering in the Framework of
the Holy Scriptures and the Mission of the Orthodox Church

 

La deuxième étude de 2014

Rev.Prof.PhD.
Durham University, GREAT BRITAIN

 

Abstract:
Christianity has no sacred language and Christians had to work, from the beginning, with the translations of the Bible. The voice of the Scriptures is amplified by the reflections of the Fathers of the Church, who also needed translations, for usto be able to hear the resonance of the Scriptures in the life of the Church. Translation of the Holy Fathers is a way of remaining in touch with the tradition of the Church, by catching something of the entire complex harmony that constitutes its tradition. Although Don Paterson, Richard Pevear, and Alice Oswald’s comments on translation are also applicable to the patristic literature, the theological language has its own specificities.

 

Keywords: sacred language, Holy Fathers, translation, hermeneutics.

 

Read more: Here

Rev.Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The Romanian Orthodox Church has always paid special attention to philanthropic activity. Rulers, hierarchs, monks, priests, and the ordinary faithful have been involved in this essential work. Two of the most beautiful and striking examples of this are the philanthropic activities of two Holy Martyrs: Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu and Metropolitan Antim Ivireanul.

Their philanthropic works were many faceted, i.e. social (and medical), cultural and missionary. In the social realm, the ruler Brâncoveanu gave shoes and clothes to the poor, while also founding and supporting infirmaries. Bishop Antim Ivireanul founded The Settlement where many people of diverse disadvantaged categories were supported.

From a cultural perspective, the beautiful collaboration of the two martyrs yielded five printing houses, where approximately 80 titles (of worship, teaching, spiritual uplifting, etc.) were published. They also established Saint Sava Academy as well as other schools, culminating in the introduction of the Romanian language.

From a missionary perspective, the two supported Orthodoxy through their foundations, printing houses, various books and donations, both in Transylvania and in
the territories under Ottoman rule.

 

Keywords: social philanthropy, cultural philanthropy, missionary philanthropy, Constantin Brâncoveanu, Antim Ivireanul.

 

Read more: Here

Rev.Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

Abstract:
While in exile in St. Petersburg, towards the end of his life, the Romanian prince Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) wrote a synthesis of Romanian history, in Latin, which he titled Historia Moldo-Vlachica. It had been commissioned by the Berlin Academy of which he had been a member since 1714. Intended for a European scholarly audience, the work was translated by the author into Romanian, much expanded and retitled as The Chronicle of the Romanian-Moldo Wallachian Ancient Past. Cantemir presented the history of his people according to the European scientific methodology of the time, highlighting the ideas of the Romanian people’s Roman origin, continuity and unity over the entire space of its ethnogenesis, thus achieving a scholarly synthesis of Romanian history. This work marked the passage from medieval to modern historiography in Romanian culture. Although the text was printed relatively late (the first time in Iasi, in 1835-1836), Cantemir’s ideas became known via the circulation of some manuscripts of his work and they influenced the programme for the emancipation of Romanians throughout the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century.

Keywords: Dimitrie Cantemir, Chronicle, Romanians, unity, continuity, Romanian origin.

Read more: Here

Associate Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The teaching that the person and work of Christ is inseparably united with the person and work of the Holy Spirit was initially present in the life of the Church. This teaching, handed down from Christ, through the Holy Apostles, the Apostolic Fathers and the Church Fathers until today has been explained in depth and thoroughly explored. Both the connection and the distinction between Christ and the Holy Spirit in the internal life of the Trinity and its saving oi*konomiva as well has been strictly maintained. Thus, both the identity and inner union of the two Persons in their distinct relationships with the Person of the Father have been highlighted. The begetting of the Son before the ages from the Father was seen as the anointing of the Son by the Father. As Possessor of the Holy Spirit, the Son offers the Holy Spirit to His human nature and, through it, to the whole of humanity.

 

Keywords: Christ, Holy Spirit, anointing, Incarnation, oikonomiva.

 

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Rev.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
La prière incessante, l’union avec Dieu, la communion avec la grâce incréé, la communion eucharistique sont des coordonnées de la vie chrétienne. L’homme est appelé a une vie nouvelle, une vie pleine de liberté, d’amour et de responsabilité. Saint Grégoire Palamas est un des représentants les plus importants des traditions ascétiques et mystiques de l’Orthodoxie, et ses écrits parlent de cette vie pleine de grâce, amour, liberté et responsabilité. Le “nous” humaine, la pensée, est le siège de la grâce et la pureté de la pensée est la clé de la vie chrétienne.

 

Keywords: Gregory Palamas, Barlaam, Hesychasm.

 

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Speranţa-Giulia Herea
PhD.“Socola” Clinical Hospital of Psychiatry, Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Gheorghe Petraru
Rev.Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The most thoughtful, judicious, and severe teacher of all humanity is the soul’s great suffering. Wrapped in suffering and caught in the crucible of humility, tears, sighs, and wailing, it provokes the resolute shift from self-confidence towards the awareness of the human weakness. The ephemeral strength of the human being along with vain thoughts and temptation to rebel against God’s Laws are generally abandoned by a hopeless great suffering. However, for ultimate suffering, two alternatives will appear as liberating avenues of escape: faith and life in God or suicide. To choose one of them is sometimes contextual, but always root-dependent. The roots of the right religious knowledge, experience and practice of virtue, consciousness of the good or, equally important, a forgotten prayer from the distant past, a confrontation with a brother’s bitterness, a hand offered for escape to a suffering sister, will certainly make clear the decision of the Almighty God to raise the one who is suffering towards the Christian way of life. Therefore, no matter what the origin of the suffering in its manifold faces should be, the suffering person must return hopefully to God and maintain the ties to his own destiny. The family, friends, and doctors may relieve his pain and sorrow, but will hardly manage to restore a soul accused by a sin-tortured consciousness or injured by people-imposed deep humiliation. The latter state remains in God’s power to put things in the right condition.

This paper will analyze the concept, origin, and types of suffering based mainly on the writings of the New and Old Testament, along with different aspects concerning the role of the missionary Church in healing her suffering members.

 

Keywords: suffering, hope, missionary Church.

 

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Rev.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Many of the Homilies of Saint Gregory Palamas cannot be precisely dated. Some were enunciated during the Liturgy, others at the vigil services, but the year of the utterance remains unknown for some of these speeches. This study proposes an analysis of the theological, historical and political context in which they were uttered, based on certain historical data provided either by the Homilies themselves or by the editors’ notes.

 

Keywords: Palamas, homélies, mont Athos, hésychasme.

 

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Assist.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

Abstract:
This study approaches the exercise of religious power by laymen from a theological and canonical point of view. Of the three dimensions of church ministry, that is the teaching, consecrating and judicial offices, only the sacramental does not allow for the collaboration of laity since the secular state, as compared to the clerical state, is in a position of gracious inferiority. The holy Sacrament of Ordination confers to the recipient the right to perform all the holy duties according to the holy established canons; therefore, the laymen cannot perform them since they lack the grace of the Priesthood received by Ordination. All canonically-prescribed holy works are the sole responsibility of clergy. The topic of lay participation in the exercise of religious power, approached from a dogmatic and canonical perspective, has been an on-going problem for the entire Orthodox Church as its faithful are actively engaged not only in worship, but also in the entire religious life: its teaching, social, philanthropic, cultural and administrative activities.

Keywords: laity, teaching power, consecrating office, judicial office, sacramental power.

 

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Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
“Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to identify the species of insects that caused damage to the book covers in the structure of the binding of some volumes that belong to church collections (Moldavian parish churches or monasteries). 11 species and genera were found and included 6 families belonging to 3 orders of insects.

 

Keywords: pest, leather, books, biodeterioration.

 

Read more: Here

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