hEADER

Le magazine Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Al. I. Cuza” de Iaşi

Archiver 2013

Rev.Prof.PhD. PETRE SEMEN

Prophecies about Messiah in Psalm 110

 

Rev.Lect.PhD. ILIE MELNICIUC-PUICĂ

Remarks about the “Living Water” Quotation in Jn 7: 37-38

 

Rev.Assist.PhD. PAUL-CEZAR HÂRLĂOANU

Vocabulary of Love: Rasach

 

Rev.Prof.PhD. ION VICOVAN

Professor Teodor M. Popescu: A Possible Model of Lay Service

 

Rev.Lect.PhD. DANIEL NIŢĂ-DANIELESCU

Monastic Vocations among Members of the Rosetti Family

 

Rev.PhD. MARCEL COJOCARU

The Identity between the Teachings of Neagoe Basarab to His Son Theodosius
and the Exterior Paintings of the 16th Century Moldavian Monasteries

 

Associate Prof.PhD. VASILE CRISTESCU

Christ’s Compound Hypostasis in Emperor Justinian’s Theology

 

Rev.Lect.PhD. ADRIAN-LUCIAN DINU

The Spiritual Son: Reflections on Man and his Relationship to God

 

Assist.PhD. CONSTANTIN-IULIAN DAMIAN; PhD. IOAN DURA

From Old Age to New Age: Eastern Monism as a Reaction to the Ecological Crisis of the West

 

PhD. DANIEL JUGRIN

Negation and Silence in Proclus

 

Rev.Prof.PhD. VIOREL SAVA

The Liturgical Language in the Romanian Orthodox Church: A Historical,
Theological and Cultural Perspective

 

La deuxième étude de 2013

Rev.Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The study deals with the quotation used by Jesus in John’s Gospel about “living water”. In the theological structure of John’s Gospel, chapter 7 underlines the prophetic activity of Jesus, using the quotation formula: “(The) Scripture said”. The sources of the quotation remain open to debate to scholars, yet the biblical and theological sense is undoubted from the standpoint of patristic literature. By Jesus’ mediation, the faithful receive the Holy Spirit. The disciple, reborn as a child of God, is now gifted with a new quality of life as lived by God in eternity.

 

Keywords: Intertextuality, Jesus, John’s Gospel, Holy Spirit, living water.

 

Read more: Here

Rev.Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Many of the Scriptures’ exegetes state that, together with Psalm 2, Psalm 110 has been created and chanted in the honor of king David, or, if not, in the honor of one of his successors. The messianic psalms are so called due to their direct referral to the king’s coronation. As smeared with God (I Sam. 24:7, 11; 26: 9, 11, 16; II Sam. 1:14; II Sam. 19:22; Ps. 18:51; 20:7; 84:10; 89:39, 52; 132:10), the king became a consecrated person and he was considered to be participate in God’s Holiness; therefore the king’s person was inviolable. After David, the throne should have been taken by Adonis but God gave it to Solomon (I Kings 2:15; I Chron. 28:15).
Being in a special relation with Yahwe, it was believed that the king had special powers and he was called God’s angel and his wisdom is like a God’s angel (I Sam. 29:9); but he was not considered a God (II Kings 5:7; Ezekiel 28:2, 9). Even though Psalm 110 has some elements in common with other royal psalms (2; 18; 20-21; 45; 72; 132), the former is, as Alonso Schökel states, the psalm of a king written for a king. Some psalms talk about the moment of matrimony (Ps. 45), the gratitude towards Yahwe for a military victory (Ps. 18:21) or the begging of the divine help for the salvation of the king or his military success (Ps. 20). Through the same prophet, the Davidic dynasty was promised eternal life (II Samuel 7:16, 29; 23:5; Ps. 89:3 4, 29-39) and the relation between Yahwe and the king, similar to a father son relationship will also last forever (II Samuel 7:14; Ps. 2:7).

 

Keywords: Psalm, Messiah, King, Enthroning

 

Read more: Here

Rev.Assist.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
As one of the verbs from the great family of love, rasach underlines the aspect of finding pleasure in someone. It is a word used for describing Edom’s attitude for his returned brother or the missing actions of Rehoboam, Solomon’s son, for Israel. It also describes David’s love for the house of God and, in a more important way, rasach is used for the feelings of the Lord for Messiah or for Israel.

 

Keywords: rasach, love, Jacob, Jerusalem, David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Psalms

 

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Rev.Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Prompted by the theme of the tribute year in the Romanian Patriarchate, Saints Constantine and Helen, and taking into account that the two saints were lay persons involved in an exemplary manner in the life of the Church, we consider it necessary and important that we reflect on the way in which the laity nowadays may be engaged in the life of the Church and on the great impact of role models. Consequently, we have chosen as case study an outstanding layman: Professor Teodor M. Popescu. This, on the one hand, as we commemorate 120 years since his birth (1893) and 40 years since his passing away (1973), and on the other hand, due to the fact that he had an outstanding life and wrote works of great value. He was born on the 1st of June 1893 in Boteni, Dâmboviţa County, in the family of priest Marin and Safta Popescu. He completed the first three years of primary school in the neighbouring village, then went to Enache Văcărescu Secondary School of Târgovişte and the Central Seminary in Bucharest (1905-1913). He went to the Faculty of Theology and the university-level Pedagogical Seminary; he received his PhD in Athens. He went on to study in Leipzig, Paris and Sorbonne. At the same time, he attended the courses of the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy. After graduation, he taught at the Central Seminary in Bucharest, and at the Theology Faculties of Kishinev and Bucharest.
Accused of offences that he had not committed (legionary activity, acts against the working class and the revolutionary movement, serious libel against USSR etc.), he was imprisoned between 1959 and 1963 in Jilava and Aiud. In prison, he stood out as a remarkable person, enduring with great humility the torments he was subjected to, faithfully keeping his dignity as a good Christian, proving that the lessons he passed on to his students were a personal way of life and creed. After his release, he worked in the Patriarchate (as librarian, reviser of religious books, member of the committee for dialogue of the Romanian Orthodox Church with the Old Catholics, reviewer of foreign church magazines). He authored valuable works, not so much in terms of their number, given the political context, but rather in terms of content. Through his life and work, he remains a role model for all laymen involved in the life and work of the Church.

 

Keywords: Theology, professor, communist prisons, theological works, loyalty.

 

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Rev.Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Descendants of the Rosetti family – a celebrated family of lore – were personalities in almost all fields of Romanian public life. Among them, there were family members who had a special vocation to serve the Church; they were church founders and philanthropists, monks who were as devoted and observant of the rules of monasticism as they were hardworking, daring and sacrificing in their efforts to renew souls and build establishments that would be useful to their fellows. Vasile Ruset, a church-founder in Doljeşti, Veniamin Ruset, the bishop of Roman, or the Neamţ monk Irinarh Roset, the founder and renewer of the church whose feast is the Metamorphosis on Tabor Mountain, to name just a few members of the Rosetti family, were persons leading a pure life, whose names are remembered on founder diptychs, on pages of Patericon books or in the chronicles and documents of the age.

 

Keywords: Church, monasticism, Rosetti, Romanian Principalities

 

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Rev.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The importance of the Teachings and their author Neagoe Basarab to the Romanian spirituality has been acknowledged by most historians, theologians and literary critics. His Teachings represent one of the great books of European literature of the 16th century. Indeed, it would not be amiss to apply these remarks about Neagoe Basarab to Petru Rareş, his brother-in-law who “likewise was a hesychast”. The exterior paintings of his era entitle us to make this argument. What emerges is the votive painting of a page of Romanian spirituality and culture of the 16th century, under the guidance of the hesychast spiritual fathers.

 

Keywords: Neagoe Basarab, Petru Rareş, Nifon, Grigorie Roşca.

 

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Associate Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The Christology of the Eastern Fathers, especially of St. Cyril of Alexandria, was taken up and further developed by the Scythian monks on the basis of the dogmatic teaching of the Fourth Ecumenical Synod of Chalcedon. The Christology of these monks became the model and content for Emperor Justinian’s theology of Christ’s compound hypostasis. Through his theology, Justinian showed his competence and status as a great theologian, assuming and developing the Chalcedonian Eastern tradition. By his theology and his important role, Emperor Justinian greatly contributed to the life of the Church.

 

Keywords: Christus synthetos, hypostasis synthetos, composition, hypostasis, nature, subject.

 

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Rev.Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
In this study, we have attempted to structure a few aspects related to the capacity of son of the Church and of God. By emphasising the father-son relationship, we aimed to highlight the condition of men called to holiness. Man lives in society but also stays a son of the Church, and the communion with God through Church, and not on one’s own and selfishly, is the one and true opportunity of his sanctification.
We intend here to provide a small “guide” showing how we can become good
apprentices and sons of the Church, how we can reach the path of Christian
accomplishment and personal fulfilment as human beings.

 

Keywords: God, Church, Father, Spiritual Son.

 

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Assist.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Ioan Dura, PhD.
Sf. Vasile cel Mare Theological Seminary, Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
It is a fact that the entire world, but especially the West, experiences an acute ecological crisis. Besides the technical and economical solutions, it seems that a profound paradigm shift is necessary which should also encompass the outlook on the Ultimate Reality and cosmology. Accordingly, the western paradigm is silently replaced with the eastern one: the belief in a personal, transcendental God or Ultimate Reality, distinct from the world, declines in favor of the belief in an immanent “life force” or “spirit”, in which all things have their existence. This monism, brought up especially by the New Age movement, is clearly inspired from Eastern Vedantic philosophy. In Vedantic philosophy, and especially in the thought of Sankara, who systematized the metaphysical principles of monism, Ultimate Reality is ekam-eva-advityam (“Onewithout-a-second”). The monism of Vedantic philosophy proposes a revalorization of the universe, on the basis of metaphysical unity of the Absolute and what is manifested, as a response to the current ecological crisis.

 

Keywords: New Age, ecology, monism, Advaita Vedanta, Brahman.

 

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Abstract:
In his Commentary of Plato’s Parmenides, Proclus analyses the state of the negations which express transcendence. The inferior negation refers to the being which is superior to non-being (as defect), the coordinated negation refers to the being which has the same rank as non-being and, finally, the type of negation superior to assertion expresses the type of Non-Being which is above being. Only if negation is under the influence of the Not-being superior to being, is it superior to affirmation. In the situation of the not-being which is on the same rank with the being, both negations and affirmations can be adequately applied to being. In the case of Non-being which is above being, neither the affirmations, nor the negations, properly apply.

The negations of the One retain, on one hand, the meaning of the transcendence of the One with regard to all things, and, on the other hand, they give back to the One its role as the cause of all things – which were, in the first instance, negated of the One. Proclus establishes a relation of precise correspondence between the negations of the First Hypothesis and the affirmations of the Second Hypothesis, revealing that all those positive assertions proceed from these negations, and the cause of these is the One, as being prior to all other things. The negations do not embody a “lack” or a “privation” of the absolute One, but they actually hide the transcendence of the cause in regard to everything it generates.

 

Keywords: Proclus, negation, affirmation, transcendence, negative theology.

 

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Rev.Prof.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
The study concentrates, in its first part, on historical aspects concerning the introduction of the Romanian language as a liturgical language in the Orthodox Romanian  Church. We also present here some hypotheses formulated by different specialists to explain the reasons which supported this movement in the Romanian Church. Next, we pointed out the fact that the translation of liturgical texts was a process unfolding between 14th century and the beginning of the 18th century, yet the adaptation of those texts to the contemporary language is a continuous process. Some theological and cultural aspects are also included in this study. Finally, in conclusion, we argue that the return of the Church to the people’s language for liturgical reasons and purposes was a pastoral necessity but also a national cultural manifestation as a statement position regarding its own identity.

 

Keywords: liturgical language, historical hypothesis, cultural identity, theological aspects, Slavonic language

 

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Assist.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
Liviu Stan remains a leading figure of Romanian theology in general and of Orthodox canon law in particular. By presenting its contribution to the inter-Orthodox, inter-Christian and interreligious dialogue, we may conclude that Liviu Stan was concerned with the problems of the Orthodox Church, which emerged in inter-Orthodox or interfaith relations, expressing clearly and in an articulate manner his position and presenting relevant solutions that clarify the position of each party. His entire work focuses, one might say, on problems that have troubled Orthodoxy during his times, starting with the topics of the first pan-Orthodox conference in Rhodes.Through the views he expressed during the Pan-Orthodox meetings and elsewhere, Liviu Stan contributed to tighter relations between Churches and to the prestige of the Romanian Patriarchate.

 

Keywords: Liviu Stan, Orthodoxy, inter-Orthodox, inter-Christian, interreligious dialogue.

 

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Rev.Lect.PhD.
Faculty of Roman Catholic Theology
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, Romania

 

Abstract:

This article seeks to point out the great role that the Benedictine theologian Odo Casel (1886-1948) had in the rediscovery of the Eucharist’s ecclesiastical dimension. The contribution of the monk of Maria-Laach monastery revolves around the in-depth study of the concepts of “mystery” (sacrament), through which the Eucharist is examined in the larger context of the salvation history, and “memorial”, a key term to explain the Eucharist celebration as a sacrifice. In analyzing this primacy of the Eucharist, the Benedictine monk shows that the identity of the Church is determined by it being part of the mystery of Christ. One of the most important merits of Casel’s work comes from his thorough study of the strong association between the mystery of the Eucharistic celebration and the mystery of the Church.

 

Keywords: liturgy, mystery, memorial, Eucharist, Church, bride, mystical body.

 

Read more: Here

Rev.PhD.
Faculty of Orthodox Theology,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, ROMANIA

 

Abstract:
This study briefly describes the contribution of the Roman Diocese to the development of psaltic church music and church choral music through education in the first half of the 20th century. Over time, church singers schools in Bacău, Tecuci, Focşani, Roman and the Roman Theological Seminary in turn addressed the growing interest to train parish priests in the region as proficient chanters and music connoisseurs. Prominent figures, teachers, psaltes and conductors of that era included: Gh. Alexandrescu (Bacău), Dimitrie Budescu (Tecuci), Rev. V. Hilohi, Marin Alexandru (Focşani), Vucol Dornescu, Dimitrie N. Pipa, Deacon Şt. Pruteanu, Deacon Dimitrie Teofănescu, George Pascu (Roman) etc.

 

Keywords: school, church music, Roman Diocese, teachers, conductors, singers.

 

Read more: Here

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